US ROAD TRIP 2018

Bite-sized USA.


“It may not have been as epic in scale as what’s gone before it, necessitating the omission of the word ‘epic’ from the road trip title, but this stateside jaunt was epic for other reasons, least of all the company. US Road Trip 2018 was a bite-sized US family affair.”


Image || Day 4. On a wooded section of the Skyline Drive in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. October 2, 2018.

US Road Trip 2018 Introduction

Here we go again. We hadn’t initially planned a 2018 US Road Trip, hadn’t planned on adding to the 16,634 odometer miles clocked over the course of the 69 days of our recent Epic US Road Trips in 2016 & 2017. But this little US filler was different. It was kinda the same, but still different – the same in that we largely covered familiar ground, different in that we weren’t alone. It may not have been as epic in scale as what’s gone before it, necessitating the omission of the word ‘epic’ from the road trip title, but this stateside jaunt was epic for other reasons, least of all the company. US Road Trip 2018 was a bite-sized US family affair.

Virginia is for lovers… and US road-trippin’ families. At the Virginia/Maryland state line on US Route 13 on the Delmarva peninsula, New Church, Virginia. Day 9. October 7, 2018.

The great American experience is about so many things: bluegrass and beaches, snow-covered peaks and redwood forests, restaurant-loving cities and big open skies.

Lonely Planet

dMb's Country Overview - USA

USA_globe_with_flag_256United States of America

Region – North America (dMb tag: North America). Capital – Washington DC. Population – 326 million Americans (the world’s third-most populous country). Official Language – None (at federal level) although American English is the national language. Currency – USD, US Dollar ($). GDP (nominal) per capita – US$59,000. Political System – Federal presidential constitutional republic. UN Member? – Yes (founding member admitted November 1945 & one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council). G20 Member? – Yes. Size – 9,830,000 km² (the world’s third-largest country by land area – after Russia & China – is fractionally smaller than the continent of Europe). Topography – Extremely diverse. Climate – Ditto. Brief History & Today – Populated for at least 15 millennia, Europeans first arrived in North America in the 16th Century with the country as we know today emerging from the so-called Thirteen Colonies, the 13 colonies of the North American East Coast settled by the British between 1607 & 1732. The end of the American Revolutionary War in 1783 saw the US becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power, not to mention the eventual ushering in of the seminal US Constitution. Having banished the Brits, less than a century later the Americans felt the need to fight among themselves with the antislavery Yankees of the North prevailing over the slave advocating Confederate States of Dixie, the South, in the bloody US Civil War (1861-1865). Aggressive expansion continued, migration across the Great Plains into the West leading to conflict with Plains Indians, native inhabitants who lost so much to the white man’s expansionist needs. Although World War I confirmed the country’s status as a global military power, the country was to emerge from World War II as the world’s first (& today only) global superpower. Still a worldwide champion – for good or bad – of the very same democratic principles the country was founded on, today the US remains a global trendsetter and a leading political, cultural and scientific force internationally. UNESCO World Heritage sites – 23. Tourism Catchphrase/Slogans – All Within Your Reach. Famous For – Lots of things, good & bad, but mainly for influence & for being a pop cultural behemoth & trendsetter; most worldwide fads, everything from music to media to fashion, originate in the US. Highlight – A road trip just about anywhere. Options are endless on the world’s longest & biggest road network. US Titbits – The word America is attributed to German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller who produced a world map in 1507 on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere ‘America’ after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci… the 50 states, federal district, 5 self-governing territories & various possessions of the US are spread across 9 time zones, the country’s extreme diversity in geography, climate and wildlife making it both one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries (the US has the most ecoregions out of any country in the world) and easily the world’s best road-trippin’ destination… the world’s largest importer and second-largest exporter of goods, the US is an economic juggernaut whose economy, the world’s largest, accounts for approximately a quarter of global GDP (over 30% of the world’s wealth resides in the US even though it accounts for a little over 4% of the world’s population)… the US is the only country to have landed a man on the moon & was the first country to develop nuclear weapons (although it is infamously the only nation to have used them in warfare) – its spending on military alone accounts for a whole one-third of global military spending… the US is one of only 3 countries in the world not to use the metric system as the official system of measurement (the other two being Liberia & Myanmar, a.k.a. Burma).
Forget all of your preconceptions. Take a look at America the way it really, truly is today; a land of limitless road trips, astonishing natural beauty and diverse multiethnic cities from coast to coast. Pay your respects to the heritage of Native American tribes, then explore the kitschy side of stateside life at oddball roadside attractions. Taste the American dream – sweet as apple pie, strong as homemade moonshine – for yourself.

Lonely Planet USA, 6th edition

The current American flag flying atop the viewing deck of the Brasstown Bald Visitors Center in Hiawassee, northern Georgia. September 22, 2016.The country’s greatest symbol, the 50 stars & 13 stripes of the US flag – a.k.a. the Stars & Stripes, Old Glory or the Star-Spangled Banner – represent, respectively, the 50 states of the Union and the original 13 British colonies that became the first US states. The original 13-star version was adopted in 1777, a year after the US Declaration of Independence. The current 50-star version has been the official US flag since Independence Day 1960 – change was needed when Hawaii, the 50th state & thus 50th star, was added to the Union in 1959. It was designed in 1958 as a school project by 17-year-old Robert Heft. He got a B-.

Visits – First visit June 1998. Numerous visits since.

US Road Trip 2018 In Numbers

Days

Miles Driven

US States

National Park Visited

National Scenic Byway & All-American Roads Driven

US ROAD TRIP 2018 || Day 1

 

Image || Crossing the Delaware River from Pennsylvania to New Jersey via the Historic Dingman’s Ferry Bridge.

 

“We hadn’t planned on being distracted en route from Stewart International Airport to our overnight location of Lancaster in the heart of Pennsylvania’s Amish Country. But road trips have a habit of distracting. Que one historic bridge & one epic tailback.”

Day 1 || September 29 2018

Route || New York Stewart International Airport to Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Miles (Kilometres) Driven || 253 (407)
Today’s Highlight || The Historic Dingman’s Ferry Bridge

We packed a lot into 24+ hours of day 1 activity, an early-to-rise-late-to-fall day if ever there was one. A transatlantic flight followed by a 253-mile (407 kilometre) adventure that included another New Jersey failure; an historic toll bridge; three states & two state lines; (only) one missed turn; & one epic tailback, the kind of jam the US east does rather well. It was good to be back.

One of the slower parts of the day. Epic tailback heading south on Interstate 476, Pennsylvania. September 29, 2018.

2018 STEED || Our 2018 US Road Trip steed. New York Stewart International Airport, Orange County, New York. September 29, 2018.

An Illinois-registered Kia, just like our 36-day, 26-state, 9,510-mile Epic US Road Trip 2016 steed, at least until such time as it – the poor thing – succumbed to Colorado Rocky Mountain highs. No such toils for this year’s ride meaning it saw it through to the bitter end.

A Historic Bridge & An Epic Tailback
We hadn’t planned on being distracted en route from Stewart International Airport to our overnight location of Lancaster in the heart of Pennsylvania’s Amish Country. But road trips have a habit of distracting. Cue one historic bridge & one epic tailback.

DINGMAN’S FERRY BRIDGE || The Historic Dingman’s Ferry Bridge spanning the Delaware River as seen from Sandyston Township, New Jersey. September 29, 2018.

We weren’t relishing the idea of crossing over into the dirty Jerz, probably our least favourite of all the US states. We could have easily avoided doing so, but thought maybe a brief crossing from Pennsylvania over the mighty Delaware River (which acts as a natural boundary between the two states) would give us the opportunity to capture the NJ state line picture we failed to capture after many attempts last year. No such luck in what was just the latest New Jersey letdown, but we did at least get to cross the Historic Dingman’s Ferry Bridge. Connecting Pennsylvania’s Delaware Township with New Jersey’s Sandyston Township, the present-day 2-lane 530-feet-long (160 metre) bridge is one of the last few privately owned toll bridges in the US and the last remaining privately owned toll bridge on the Delaware River – it’s $1 to cross in each direction, although it’s free for all on Christmas Day and, as per its charter, free passage is afforded to ‘churchgoers, schoolchildren, and funeral processions’ at any time. It’s named after an Andrew Dingman who, in 1735, was the first to operate a ferry service across the river at this point. The first bridge, constructed by the Dingman’s, was built in 1836 – the present wrought iron truss structure with wooden roadway opened in 1900 and is the 4th iteration of the bridge, and a rather photogenic one at that.

TAILBACK || Downtime during an epic tailback heading south on Interstate 476, Pennsylvania. September 29, 2018.

The reward for missing a junction was to almost immediately find ourselves in a bit of a jam. A serious incident further ahead necessitated helicopter intervention to airlift the casualties which stopped traffic in both directions on Pennsylvania’s busy Interstate 476. We didn’t move for quite some time which gave us ample opportunity to chat with fellow discommoded locals about our good fortune in missing the junction for the 222.

US ROAD TRIP 2018 || Day 2


Image || The Reflecting Pool of The National Mall as seen from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.


“The sun was out, the heat was on, the sky was blue & the city’s blindingly-white neoclassical marble monuments resplendent. Dare I say it, but Washington D.C. may just have dazzled even more today than it did on this exact same Sunday one year ago.”

Day 2 || September 30 2018

Route || Lancaster, Pennsylvania to Washington D.C.
Miles (Kilometres) Driven || 161 (259)
Today’s Highlight || The National Mall, Washington D.C.

It was a Sunday so it was no surprise that The Amish of Pennsylvania’s Amish Country were quiet: the Bird-in-Hand Farmer’s Market was closed; there were very few of the distinctive black Amish horse-drawn buggies sharing the roads; and there were no families working the land to such photogenic effect as we captured last year. But that’s OK because a quiet Amish Country, where we started the day, meant more time for Washington D.C., where we finished it. The sun was out, the heat was on, the sky was blue & the city’s blindingly-white neoclassical marble monuments resplendent. Dare I say it, but Washington D.C. may just have dazzled even more today than it did on this exact same Sunday one year ago.

Dazzling. Fronting the United States Capitol building in Washington D.C. September 30, 2018.

Just like we did one year ago, when I blogged detailed insights about D.C. and its famed monuments to democracy on my fist visit to the city since 2003, we started this year’s D.C. adventure by parking in the vicinity of the United States Capitol and heading west from there up the National Mall. It was a beautiful day, a day made for strolling.

UNITED STATES CAPITOL || Looking resplendent, save for an ugly skin of scaffolding covering the bronze Statue of Freedom at the apex of the famous cast-iron dome, the hulking United States Capitol building, hosting the legislative branch of the US government (Congress), at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington D.C. September 30, 2018.

WHITE HOUSE || Having peered at the less-photographed northern facade last year, this year we got as close as we could to the southern facade of the White House, with its famous semi-circular portico of 6 Ionic columns seen here from The Ellipse, the green expanse separating Washington’s most famous facade from the National Mall. September 30, 2018.

NATIONAL WORLD WAR II MEMORIAL || The World War II Memorial of the National Mall in Washington D.C. September 30, 2018.

The National Mall’s National World War II Memorial, sitting in the middle of the Mall between the towering Washington Monument & the Reflecting Pool, was dedicated in 2004 making it one of Washington’s newest memorials. Dedicated to the Americans who served in the armed forces during the largest and deadliest war in human history, the memorial’s massive oval-shaped 337-feet-long (102 metre) plaza is centered by a fountain and is bordered by 56 17-feet-tall (5.2 metre) pillars (representing the 48 US states, the District of Columbia and the 7 US overseas territories at the time of the war). The whole shebang, bookended by a pair of small triumphal arches (one inscribed ‘Pacific’ the other ‘Atlantic’), is prime panorama territory.

The Washington Monument, the world’s tallest stone structure & tallest obelisk, & the cupola of the United States Capitol building as seen from the edge of the Reflecting Pool of the National Mall, Washington D.C. September 30, 2018.

Monuments and memorials, eclectic neighborhoods, true local flavor – Washington, DC is a place unlike any other. It’s your home away from home with free museums and America’s front yard.

Washington.org

US ROAD TRIP 2018 || Day 3

 

Image || The United States Marine Corps War Memorial, Arlington, Virginia.

 

“I vividly remember walking the 2-mile distance from the National Mall to the United States Marine Corps War Memorial in 1998. Closed this time last year as part of a extensive $5 million refurbishment, the first since its erection in 1956, I was happy to find it open today (& to be able to drive to it), our final stop before leaving the D.C. region for the cooler Appalachian hills of western Virginia.”

Day 3 || October 1 2018

Route || Washington D.C. to Front Royal, Virginia
Miles (Kilometres) Driven || 86 (138)
Today’s Highlight || National Museum of Natural History

It’s – wow – 2 decades (1998) since I last set foot inside the educational walls of a world-renowned Washington D.C. Smithsonian museum. There are more than a few to choose from – in the D.C. region alone, the Smithsonian Institution, a globally prestigious research unit established in 1846 “for the increase and diffusion of knowledge” and administered today by the US Government, oversees 17 (free) world-class museums, galleries, gardens & even a zoo (2 more Smithsonian museums in New York City help make the Smithsonian the largest museum complex on earth). The National Air and Space Museum, one of 11 Smithsonian museums & galleries located on the National Mall between the Washington monument & the United States Capitol, pulls the biggest crowds (it’s the most popular museum in the US, the third most visited on earth & the museum I visited back in 1998), but today we paid a visit to the no-less-fascinating innards of the National Museum of Natural History. It was the highlight of another awesomely photogenic day in Washington D.C.

Ocean Hall. The National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

…dedicated to inspiring curiosity, discovery, and learning about the natural world through its unparalleled research, collections, exhibitions, and education outreach programs.

https://naturalhistory.si.edu/

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY || The rotunda of the National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

With free access to the public for 364 days of the year, Washington’s National Museum of Natural History pulls in some 7 million visitors a year. That’s sufficient footfall to give it the title of the most visited natural history museum on earth, and to place it high on the Top 10 list of the world’s most visited museums. Opened since 1910, the museum is housed in a building built specifically for the job of displaying a collection of over 127 million plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites, human remains and human cultural artifacts, all overseen by a staff of 1,000-plus (185 of the museum’s employees are professional natural-history scientists, the largest group of scientists dedicated to the study of natural and cultural history in the world). The museum boasts some 140,000 m² of exhibition space spread over three levels, the nexus of which is the museum’s central rotunda, seen here, easily the building’s defining architectural feature and its most photographed area. The star attraction here since its introduction to the rotunda in 1959 is the museum’s iconic 12-ton, 14-foot-tall African Elephant, probably the most photographed elephant in history.

An iconic hardened volcanic ash ancestral figure, or moai, ‘collected’ (that’s the term they use whereas some might deem the term ‘stolen’ more apt) by Paymaster Thomson from Rapa Nui/Easter Island in 1886 and today on display in the National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

In the Minerals & Gems Gallery of the National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

HOPE DIAMOND || The Hope Diamond on display in the National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

While it may not be the world’s most valuable diamond (I hear that’s the priceless 105-carat Koh-I-Noor, part of the British Crown Jewels and on display in the Tower of London’s Jewel House), this – the famous Hope Diamond – still has a great shout as the world’s most famous bit of bling. The cornerstone of the National Gem Collection and probably the National Museum of Natural History’s preeminent piece, the text accompanying it informs all that they are ‘… looking at one of the world’s most famous gems – renowned for its flawless clarity, rare deep color, and eventful history‘. Once owned by Louis XIV of France and supposedly cursed, it was gifted to the museum by New York gem merchant Harry Winston, a.k.a. the King of Diamonds, in 1958 (one of the most prominent jewelers of his time, Winston had purchased it 9 years earlier in 1949) & has been on rotating display behind glass here ever since (the continual rotating, the glass and the crowds means it’s a hard dazzler to photograph). The rare-blue diamond was believed found in India’s Kollur Mine in the early 1600s. It has been recut & reduced in size twice since to its present weight of 45.52 carats, but has steadily increased in value – it’s valued today at approximately $350 million (& is reportedly insured for the tidy sum of $250 million).

The United States Capitol building again, this time as seen from Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

Taxation Without Representation. Where have we heard that before? Wasn’t the city’s very founding in 1791 the result of a need to have a capital city/district for the new country, the country itself borne out of a conflict – the 1775 to 1783 American Revolution – the catalyst for which being colonist no-taxation-without-representation disgruntlement with the then ruling British & its distant parliament? Yes, yes it was. Interesting that. Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

FORD’S THEATRE || The facade of Ford’s Theatre, 511 10th St NW, Washington D.C. October 1, 2018.

The crowds outside told us this was somewhere of interest, it being Ford’s Theatre, the site of the assassination of US President Abraham Lincoln on April 14 1865 by John Wilkes Booth. Opened in August of 1863, restored at least twice since and today a National Historic Site – the Ford’s Theatre National Historic Site – the theatre is still an active regional performance venue with a capacity of over 650.

We, and just like we did on Day 5 last year, crossed the Potomac River and paid a visit to Arlington National Cemetery in neighbouring Virginia before leaving the D.C. region. And even though we visited the cemetery’s JFK Gravesite and Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial on last year’s visit, we still had some unfinished business with America’s most sacred shrine.

TOMB OF THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER || At the Tomb of The Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia. October 1, 2018.

Arlington’s memorial to US service personnel who have fallen and whose remains have not been identified is as sombre as you might expect. The monument, dedicated in 1921 in the plaza of the new Arlington National Cemetery Memorial Amphitheater (it completed a year earlier in 1920) and which has no officially designated name, serves as the final resting place for four Unknows, one from each of the World Wars (the WW I Unknown was interned in 1921, the WW II Unknown in 1958), one from the Korean War (also interned in 1958) & one from the Vietnam War (interned in 1984). The memorial’s white marble sarcophagus, seen here, is inscribed with the words ‘HERE RESTS IN HONORED GLORY AN AMERICAN SOLDIER KNOWN BUT TO GOD’ and is ceremoniously guarded by Honor Guards, active soldiers of the US Army who do not wear rank insignia so as not to outrank the Unknowns. Their meticulous, repetitive & somewhat theatrical routine is both a fascinating and hypnotic spectacle of sharp about-turns, heel clicks, shoulder-arm movements & 21-step marches (signifying the 21-gun salute, the highest military honour that can be bestowed) along the 63-foot-long (19.2 metre) black rubber mat laid across the Tomb. We had the good fortune to witness the last changing of the guard ceremony for the day, a massively symbolic ceremony conducted in accordance with Army regulations.

Long recogonized as a place of honor for those who have served our nation, the perpetual care and maintenance of the hallowed grounds of Arlington National Cemetery connects visitors to the rich tapestry of the cemetery’s living history and natural beauty.

– As reproduced from a display in the Visitors Center of Arlington National Cemetery

A few more pictures captured on a gorgeous evening in Arlington National Cemetery.

United States Marine Corps War Memorial
Unfinished business here, too. I vividly remember walking the 2-mile distance from the National Mall to the United States Marine Corps War Memorial in 1998. Closed this time last year as part of a extensive $5 million refurbishment, the first since its erection in 1956, I was happy to find it open today (and to be able to drive to it), our final stop before leaving the D.C. region for the cooler Appalachian hills of western Virginia.

IWO JIMA MEMORIAL || The United States Marine Corps War Memorial, Arlington, Virginia. October 1, 2018.

Officially the United States Marine Corps War Memorial but otherwise known as the Iwo Jima Memorial, this iconic bronze sculpture of 32-feet-high (9.75 metre) figures atop a Swedish granite pedestal by Felix de Weldon depicts the famous Pulitzer Prize–winning photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima by AP photographer Joe Rosenthal, who captured six Marines raising a US flag atop Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945 during the World War II Battle of Iwo Jima, a small (8 square miles, 21 km²) Japanese volcanic island some 750 miles (1,200 km) off the Japanese mainland (three of the 6 Marines captured in the photograph would be killed in action over the proceeding days). Dedicated to all US Marine Corps personnel who died in the defense of the US since the US Marine Corps’ inception in November 1775, the memorial’s importance is highlighted by the fact that it is one of the few official sites where a proclamation states a US flag must fly over the memorial 24 hours a day.

US ROAD TRIP 2018 || Day 4

 

Image || At the Shenandoah Valley Overlook of the Skyline Drive of Shenandoah National Park, Virginia.

 

“Our plan to drive the scenic Skyline Drive of Virginia’s Shenandoah National Park on Day 29 of our 2016 US road trip was thwarted, foggy conditions meaning we didn’t have to venture too far beyond the park’s southern Rockfish Gap entrance station before fully grasping the hopelessness of the situation. Two-plus years on and it would seem now that that 2016 meteorological intervention was well intended, saving the park and its All-American drive to enable them to enjoyed as the family outing they were to be today.”

Day 4 || October 2 2018

Route || Front Royal to Williamsburg, Virginia
Miles (Kilometres) Driven || 263 (423)
Today’s Highlight || The Skyline Drive of Shenandoah National Park

Our plan to drive the scenic Skyline Drive of Virginia’s Shenandoah National Park on Day 29 of our 2016 US road trip was thwarted, foggy conditions meaning we didn’t have to venture too far beyond the park’s southern Rockfish Gap entrance station before fully grasping the hopelessness of the situation. Two-plus years on and it would seem now that that 2016 meteorological intervention was well intended, saving the park and its famous drive to enable them to enjoyed as the family outing they were to be today.

For Sale in Shenandoah National Park during a stop on the Skyline Drive. October 2, 2018.

One of the most beautiful places in America.

Lonely Planet USA, 6th Edition, commenting on the Shenandoah Valley & Shenandoah National Park

Shenandoah National Park

Size: 199,173 acres/806 km². Founded: 1935. Annual Visitors: 1.3 million. 09 Shen A classic road trip lies within the boundaries of this park. Skyline Drive runs like a 105-mile spine along the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains. With 75 scenic overlooks and a leisurely speed limit, traveling end to end takes three to four hours. The roadsides bloom with a seasonal progression of wildflowers — from early trillium through azaleas and mountain laurel to black-eyed Susans and goldenrods. The Wilderness Society listed Shenandoah among its best parks for fall color. The annual Fall Foliage Bike Festival coincides with that display. Although the park can be driven in a day, accommodations and dining are available for those who linger to explore the paths, including 101 miles of the Appalachian Trail. Overnight options include the 1939 Big Meadows Lodge, a stone and wormy-chestnut structure listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Before the area was designated as a park, homeowners here kept farms, orchards and grazing animals. Traces of former residents include garden-patch daffodils and more than 100 family cemeteries, some still maintained by descendants. One site of note is Rapidan Camp, the summer retreat of President Herbert Hoover. Here, 70 miles from the White House on 164 wooded acres, the president, first lady and friends relaxed and held meetings. The guest book of the 13-cabin compound includes such names as Lindbergh, Ford and Edison. In 1935, the compound became part of the park; its three remaining buildings are open for ranger-led tours. Today, summer visitors may catch a view of a more ethereal variety. “Fog lies like a soft white blanket on the Shenandoah Valley and the Piedmont, while the mountaintop is clear,” visitskylinedrive.org says. “If conditions are right, you can look down on a ‘fog ocean,’ with the lower peaks rising above it like islands.”

From The Washington Post – The Essential guide to all 59 U.S. national parks.

At the southern entrance to Shenandoah National Park in Virginia, USA. September 25, 2016.

2016. Even though we didn’t actually visit the park or drive the Skyline Drive in 2016, we did of course get the obligatory picture at the park’s southern (& foggy on this particular day) Rockfish Gap entrance station. September 25, 2016.

2018. A family affair. At the same southern, Rockfish Gap entrance station when leaving the park and having just complete the Skyline Drive. October 2, 2018.

… for the recreation and the re-creation they shall find here.

– President Franklin Roosevelt during Shenandoah’s Dedication in 1935

Shenandoah National Park & Skyline Drive
Formed from a patchwork of over 1,000 privately owned tracts of forest, fields, orchards and home sites, Shenandoah National Park was officially dedicated in 1935 to bring the western national park experience to the urban east. Expanded in 1976 under the 1964 Wilderness Act by 80,000 acres of land formally used for farming or industry, today the park is a 200,000-acre wilderness area of ‘recreation & re-creation’ only 75 miles west of Washington D.C. & within a few hours’ drive of millions. Aside from its famous National Scenic Byway-listed drive, the park boasts over 500 miles of trails, over 100 miles of which form part of the famed Appalachian Trail, a 2,000-mile trail stretching from Maine to Georgia.

The greatest single feature is a possible sky-line drive along the mountain top… Few scenic drives in the world could surpass it.

Southern Appalachian National Park Committee Report, 1931

SKYLINE DRIVE || At an overlook on the National Scenic Byway-listed Skyline Drive in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. October 2, 2018.

Although Shenandoah National Park wasn’t officially designated until 1935, by the late 1920s motor car ownership in the US was such that early park advocates proposed that its main attraction – ‘a possible sky-line drive’ – be built for the motoring tourist, the lure being leisurely drives and picnics in the cool mountain air. US Scenic Byways LogoAlthough the 1930’s Great Depression stalled funding for land acquisition, this didn’t prevent the first sections of the road opening temporarily in 1932. Beset with problems, chief among them erosion, the Civilian Conservation Corps arrived in 1933 to start work on the infrastructure enjoyed by millions today, mainly the 75 scenic overlooks & 2 the visitor centres encountered en route. The leisurely 105-mile drive, designed with beauty & pleasure in mind, meanders along a narrow mountain road between undulating ridges of the Blue Ridge Mountains guaranteeing numerous epic vistas of Piedmont Valley to the east & Shenandoah River Valley to the west, seen here (although still largely rural, both valleys are less rural than they were decades ago, structures built outside of the park’s boundary since its 1930’s dedication clearly visible from the overlooks and somewhat detracting from the park’s ‘wilderness’ tag).

Park roads are for leisurely driving only. If you are in a hurry you might do well to take another route now, and come back when you have more time.

– Reproduced from an early National Park Service brochure

On a (still vibrantly green) 30 mph portion of the Skyline Drive in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. October 2, 2018.

Suffice it to say, Skyline Drive is billed as one of the nation’s premier drives, especially in autumn. The drive should take about 3 to 4 hours, although the scenic overlooks, visitor centres and a reduced speed limit on some stretches of the road do their upmost to delay progress. Most of the drive is subjected to a 35-mph speed limit. This is obviously due to the narrow & twisty nature of the drive but also to ensure sufficient time to stop should any of the wild animals that frequent the park decide to dart across the road. We were on the lookout, but we didn’t see any Black Bears, that despite the Entrance Station Ranger’s assertion that the probability of sighting one of the small & plentiful resident bears was ‘high.’ And nor did we see any fantastical fall foliage, a vibrantly green summer-esque hue still lingering into early October along most of the route – it would seem we were just a few weeks too early to sample the best of an autumnal display, the official park brochure confirming that ‘crisp fall days bring brilliant leaf colors, usually peaking between October 10 and 25.’ Oh well.

US ROAD TRIP 2018 || Day 5

 

Image || Restored buildings along E Duke of Gloucester Street in Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia.

 

“There were a few members of staff already in place resplendent in period garb, early into their latest shift to sell a reenactment of 18th-century British America, each one a character on the set of the astonishing 300-acre open-air assemblage of restored or re-created period buildings that is the world’s largest living-history museum…”

Day 5 || October 3 2018

Route || Williamsburg, Virginia to Nags Head, Outer Banks, North Carolina
Miles (Kilometres) Driven || 165 (266)
Today’s Highlight || Outer Banks, The Return

It was early on this morning when we found ourselves back on the restored bygone-era streets of Colonial Williamsburg. Too early, it would seem. There were a few members of staff already in place resplendent in period garb, early into their latest shift to sell a reenactment of 18th-century British America, each one a character on the set of the astonishing 300-acre open-air assemblage of restored or re-created period buildings that is the world’s largest living-history museum, the result of one of the largest restoration projects in US history (a project that began in 1927). But there was a noticeable paucity of livestock – no oxen pulling carts, no chickens ambling free, no horses waiting to pull carriages for the amusement of the tourists who, save for us, had yet to arrive.

Duke of Gloucester Street, Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. October 3, 2018.

Take time to go back.

– The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, the non-profit entity that manages Colonial Williamsburg

So, and in a repeat of last year (when I blogged extensively on the Colonial Williamsburg experience), we took a few pictures while walking from Merchants Square east up Duke of Gloucester Street to the Capitol Building and back again, passing the slew of faithfully reproduced houses, taverns, shops, inns, workshops & outbuildings of Williamsburg, the old colonial capital where the flames of the American Revolution were fanned. We then hit the road for the Outer Banks of North Carolina. It – Colonial Williamsburg – was all very familiar, and all very familiarly photogenic, not that familiarity does anything to detract from the uniqueness of this amazing place.

COURTHOUSE || Outside the Courthouse in Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. October 3, 2018.

One of the most impressive of the hundreds of restored edifices that comprise Colonial Williamsburg, the settlement’s original redbrick Georgian-style Courthouse was built between 1770 and 1772, acquired by Colonial Williamsburg in 1928, and restored in 1932. Built to serve both Williamsburg and James City County, this was where Benjamin Waller read aloud the Declaration of Independence on July 25, 1776, after it arrived from history heavy Philadelphia. Today it’s one of the more popular paid attractions of Colonial Williamsburg – while it’s free to wander the Colonial Williamsburg site, a trait unique among similar living-history museums worldwide, most buildings charge an entrance fee to allow visitors fully immerse themselves in 18th-century British America.

What would happen to you if you committed a crime in colonial Virginia? What if you stole items from a store or imported goods banned by the Committee of Safety? Participate in a court session and experience 18th-century justice in action. The stocks and the pillory out front may await those convicted.

ColonialWilliamsburg.com commenting on their Colonial Williamsburg Courthouse

Mary Dickinson Store, the place in town to stock up on an array of 18th-century ladies jewlery, toiletries & fashion (petticoats, short gowns, cloaks, mitts, caps etc.). Duke of Gloucester Street, Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. October 3, 2018.

RALEIGH TAVERN || The Raleigh Tavern, Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia. October 3, 2018.

The unassuming Raleigh Tavern bags the Colonial Williamsburg bragging rights as the site’s very first attraction – restored on its original foundations, its opening to the public in September 1932 marked the official opening of the Colonial Williamsburg site. Believed first built in the early 1730s, it was said to be one of the largest taverns in colonial Virginia and gained quite a reputation as a gathering point for pre-American Revolutionary movements. Unlike other ‘taverns’ in Colonial Williamsburg today which operate as restaurants or inns, the reconstructed Raleigh Tavern – named after Sir Walter Raleigh, an important figure in the English settlement of Virginia and whose portrait hangs outside & whose bust sits above the entrance door – serves as a museum showcasing to visitors what the tavern would have appeared like way back when.

US ROAD TRIP 2018 || Days 6-8

 

Image || Sunrise, Nags Head, Bodie Island, Outer Banks, North Carolina.

 

“Sun (& sunrises), sea, sand &, emm, bluegrass. No, of course it’s not your typical Outer Banks combo, but it’s the bluegrass that makes the Outer Banks special for us. It’s mountain music by the sea.”

Days 6-8 || October 4-6 2018

Route || Nags Head, Outer Banks, North Carolina
Miles (Kilometres) Driven || 165 (266)

It felt good to stay put for a few days. It was even better to do so back on the Outer Banks of North Carolina, a.k.a OBX, an exposed string of narrow low-lying sandbar islands (from north to south, Bodie Island, Roanoke Island, Hatteras Island & Ocracoke Island) running for 200 miles (320 kilometres) and sheltering the US mainland in the west from the vast & blustery expanse of the Atlantic Ocean in the east.

On the streets of Manteo, Roanoke Island, Outer Banks, North Carolina’s number 1 family-friendly beach rental haven. October 4, 2018.

The Outer Banks has a way of connecting with people, staying with them long after the vacation is over… You’ll be rewarded for stepping outside of the ordinary.

OuterBanks.org

Bluegrass Island, The Return
Sun (& sunrises), sea, sand &, emm, bluegrass. No, of course it’s not your typical Outer Banks combo, but it’s the bluegrass that makes the Outer Banks special for us. It’s mountain music by the sea.

Blue skies. Blue water. Bluegrass. Mile Twelve performing on Day 2 of the 3-day 2018 Outer Banks Bluegrass Island Festival at Roanoke Island Festival Park (a.k.a Bluegrass Island), Roanoke Island, Manteo, Outer Banks, North Carolina. October 5, 2018.

Enjoying the music at the 2018 Outer Banks Bluegrass Island Festival at Roanoke Island Festival Park, Roanoke Island, Manteo, Outer Banks, North Carolina. October 6, 2018.

Last year’s memorable Bluegrass Island buzz was the catalyst for this year’s visit. It was just as enjoyable second time around, familiarity doing nothing to diminish the experience.

A few more captures from Bluegrass Island, The 2018 Edition.